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Home » Other Astrological Information » Events / Festivals » Events 2006 » Ratha Sapthami

Ratha Sapthami

Radha Saptami falls on February 4, 2006. This is the main festival of Lord Sri Suryanarayana Swamy varu. Lord Sri Suryanarayanaswamy vari temples are two in India one is at Arasavalli 1 km away from Srikakulam in Andhra Pradesh and another one at Konark. This is the main festival of Sri Suryanarayana Swamy varu.

In the universe there may be people who do not believe in God but the God which can be seen by every one is Lord Sri Suryanarayana Swamy (Sun) who showers light on the entire living beings. Sun God is known as Aditya and showers his blessings on the entire world irrespective of the caste, color and creed. He energies the living beings with his rays. There are many names to Lord viz., Savita, Ravi, Arkudu, Bhaskarudu, Banudu, Divakarudu.

Each name has its own effects. Over all Sun God is known as Aditya Hrudayam. It is a belief that our country goes into light from darkness from this day every year. The winter season ceases & spring season starts. Our bodies will have a chemical reaction with the sun rays & we become healthy. Mythologically, it is said to be Sun gods birthday. Special rays & vibrations are supposed to be present in the temple premises & it is also said that devotees taking Teertha Prasadams will be blessed with wealth & health. Lord Surya Narayana Swamy has a chariot with one wheel & there are seven horses representing the seven colors of light that is VIBGYOR. Lord Rama worshipped Surya before killing Ravana.On this auspicious day devotees in huge number have the Darshan of Lord Sri Suryanarayana Swamy and will be allowed to have Nija Rupa Darshan from 6am - 5pm.

Lord Suryanarayana Swamy has a Chariot with one wheel and there are seven horses representing the seven colors of light that is VIBGYOR. Lord Rama worshipped Surya before killing Ravana. On this auspicious day we will be allowed to have Nija Rupa Darshan from 5am to 2pm.

Harshavilli purivasam, Chayosha Padminiyutham
Suryanarayana Devam Nowni Sarvatha Dayakam

The famous Sun God Temple is one of the ancient and all among two Sun God temples in our country. According to Padmapuranam, Sage Kasyapa installed the idol of Surya at Arasavalli for the welfare of mankind. Therefore, the Surya is of Kasyapasa Gotra. He is also termed as planetary Kind. The ‘Sthalapuranam’ of the temple narrates that lord Devendra had founded this temple and installed the existing idol of the Sun God commonly known as Lord Suryanarayana Swamy Varu under the following circumstances.

Once Lord Devendra, ignoring the words of Dwarapalaka Nandi, attempted to force his entry for Darshan of Sri Rudrakoteswara Swamy Varu at an untimely hour when Lord Siva was along with his consort. The Dwarapalaka Nandi in the discharge of his duties kicked the intruder. Thus kicked and injured by the Devine attendant Indra fell down senseless. And in his unconscious state Indra dreamt that he would be relieved of his pain for injury in his chest caused by Nandi if he built a temple and installed an idol of the Sun God. After regaining his consciousness, he remembered what he dreamt. Following his dream he picked up handfuls of earth three times at a place where he lay, and there he found this beautiful idol of Sun God with three consorts Usha, Chaya and Padmini At the base of the idols are the figures of Mathara and Pingala the Dwarapalakas and high up are the two divine saints, Sankara and Sanadana holding ‘Chatrams’. The Sun God is depicted as riding over a chariot drawn by Anura, the Radhasaradhy. All these figures are exquisitely carved out of a single black finely polished granite stone.

Historical Importance of the Temple

Archeological experts say that the stone inscriptions available in the temple throw some light to the effect that Devendra Varma, the Ruler of the Kalinga Kingdom, must have built this temple and installed in the image of the Sun God it in the later half of the 7th Century. The translation of the stone inscriptions reveals the donation of some lands made to the Sun God for perceptual lamps to be installed in the temple, to run a school or a Hostel for the pupils learning Sastras and Vedas. These donations are stated to have been made by the successors of the Kaling Kind Devendra Varma prior to 11th Century AD. The temple is built in such a way as to make the Sun Rays focus on the feet of the God twice in the year in the months of March and September in the early hours of the day. The rays so focused on the feet of the idol through the five entrance gates of the temple remain for a few minutes.

This temple has the unique feature of attracting crowds of the people of different sects, cults and creeds together and making them believe the God is one and there is no difference between Siva and Kesava. The Five idols Panchayatana installed in a particular place in the time namely Adity, Ambika, Vishnu, Ganesha and Maheswara represent all the faiths. Finally the devotees visiting this temple go and worship the presiding deity the Sun God about whom the puranas speak as the embodiment of Trimurthies, Brahama, Vishnu and Maheswara.

The Lord who sees physically everything in the course of his daily round over the universe and who fully understands the truth behind all things, not only regarded as Pratyaksha Daivam but also the source and sustainer of all life. The people who perform ‘Suryanamaskra’ recite Maha Soura and Aruna Manthras containing Powerful beejasharas of Rig-Veda and Yazurveda for giving good health, so that it is said that “Arogyam Bhaskaradhischet”. The mantra of Hymn is a spiritual formula hormonating sound which always protects the register in every day. This is the secrecy of the Sun God Worship. Sunday is considered as most auspicious day to Sun God Worship.

The Mahatyam of the Temple

The holy temple of Bhagavan Suryanarayana Swamy is perhaps the only Sun Temple in the entire Coramandal Coast since the Konark Temple on the Orissa Coast always remained an incomplete and unfinished project. People who are unfortunate enough to suffer from eye and skin diseases visit the temple and offer their prayers to the Sun God. They believe that the Sun God is essentially a God of Health and Prayers offered to Him would heal their sickness. From the great Puranas of Dwaparayuga, the following information is gathered. Balarama is supposed to be the very incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Balarama in Dwapariyuga brought the river Nagavali along with the furrow of his tiller and consecrated a temple on the shores of the river Nagavali. That is the temple of Uma and Rudra Koteswara. All the Gods angels and their minions arrived on the shores of Nagavali and paid their obeisance to Lord Rudra, Indra, the Lord of Paradise was, some how late. By the time he arrived, it was late in the night, he tried to gatecrash his entry. At the time, Nandiswara, the great Vahana of Rudra was keeping vigil at the gate. He did not allow Indra to go in, as it was time for Lord Rudra to rest with Mata Parvathi. Indra was adamant in his demand to enter the temple, infuriated by his perverse persistence, Nandiswara kicked him violently and sent him flowing in the air towards the eastern side. Indra fell unconscious in a painful state. Then it is said, he offered his prayer to the Sun God for relief of his body pains and exhaustion. The Sun God took pity on him and touched Lord Indra with his innumerable rays and got back his strength and relief from pain. He was grateful to the Sun God who gave him back his strength and relief from pain. He begged the Sun God to allow him to stay there forever and spend his time serving the relief giving Sun God.

After taking a holy dip in the Pushkarini, they turn towards the temple and open their eyes and what do they see. Lord Surya’s idol before then in all its great splendor and clad in golden colored angavastra. Crown studded with rare diamonds, hands with Abhaya Mudra wide open eyes filled with karuna, ear rings, studded with diamonds, grave and but graceful face. His very Darshan assumes fulfillment of all desires in the world. The very temple was conceived and constructed by Viswakarma, the divine architect.

Pingala and Mathara are the doorkeepers of the Temple. Anura is the Sun God’s chariot driver. Thirteen more angles lustily cheer the Sun God. Sanaka, Sanandana and other sages offer him Vinjamara seva. Sage Narada and others sing the glory of the God. Devaguru Bruhaspati and other chant Vedas. Thus the Sun God was consecrated in Arasavalli by Lord Indra himself. Such is the glory and greatness of this temple.


The Sun God said granted his wish and vanished. Indra dug with his “Vajrayudha’ and formed a pond, which is known as Indra Pushkarini. Even today Devotees feel that they can attract the Grace of Lord Surya if they offer their prayers after taking a dip in the Pushkarini. After taking a holy dip in the Pushkarini, they turn towards the temple and open their eyes and do what to they see. Lord Surya’s idol before then in all its great splendor and clad in golden colored angavastra.


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