December 5, 2016: Subrahmanya Shashti
December 6, 2016: Nanda Saptami
December 7, 2016: Kala Bhairavasthami
From an astrological perspective, the entry of Ravi (Sun) into Makar Rasi is called as Makar Sankranti. The festival is a harvest festival and is popular in the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Maharastra.
From this day onwards Ravi begins to move from South towards the North with respect to the Earth signaling the oncoming of summer and hence this part of the season is also called as Uttarayana. During this period the power of Ravi will be more that what is. It affects the entire human beings and the rays that Ravi emanates will have adverse effects on human beings. Severe cold will be in Dhanurmasa and from Makarmasa gradually decreases and summer shows its intensity stating from the Radha Saptami day.
Makar Sankramanam will come in Pushamasa i.e., Full moon in Pushami Star. This is the reason why this month is called Pusha masa. Pusha masa is ruled by Saturn. The power of Saturn will be more. The star Pushami belongs to Satrun. Guru is Adidevata for the Star and Yama is Adidevata for Satrun. As a result the negative effects will be more.
When Ravi enters in Makar Rasi, Sani owns the house and Kuja is in exalted position and Guru in deliberate position. As Kuja is responsible for fire and Guru is for education line, during this period it is advised not to undertake any auspicious functions otherwise we call it as sunya masa. Natives belong to Makar rasi or persons with stars of Uttarashada, Sravan and Dhanista are advised to take more caution on health front.
The auspicious day of Sankranti is celebrated as Pongal. In most regions, the festival is celebrated for three days. The day before Makar Sankranti is known as Bhogi. On this day, early in the morning, old items in the house such unusable clothes, broken furniture are set on fire. On Sankranti, people wear new clothes and visit temples to celebrate the harvest. The third day is known as Kanuma. This season is also famous for cockfights in the State. However cockfights are not legal these days
In Andhra Pradesh, Makar Sankranti is one of the most auspicious days for Hindus and is celebrated in almost all parts of the country in myriad cultural forms with great devotion, fervor and gaiety. People in large numbers take dip in holy rivers such as the Ganga and Prayag and pray to Sun God.
Makar Sankranti is the day when the glorious Sun God of Hindus begins its ascendancy and entry into the Northern Hemisphere. Ravi (Sun) for Hindis stands for Pratyaksha Daivam who symbolizes the one, non-dual, self-effulgent, glorious divinity blessings one and all tirelessly. Ravi is the one who transcends time and also the one who rotates the proverbial Wheel of Time. The very famous Gayantri Mantra, which is chanted everyday by every faithful Hindu, is directed to Sun God to bless them with intelligence and wisdom. Sun not only represents God but also stands for an embodiment of knowledge and wisdom. On Makar Sankranti day the Sun begins its ascendancy and journey into the Northern Hemisphere and thus it signifies an event wherein the God seem to remind their children that ‘Tamaso Ma Jyotirgamaya’.
Makar Sankranti falls on the following days in the respective years:
2012: Bhogi falls on January 14, 2012; Sankranthi/Pongal on January 15, 2012 and Kanuma on January 16, 2012
2011: Saturday, January 15
2010: Thursday, January 14
2009: Wednesday, January 14
2008: Tuesday, January 15
2007: Sunday, January 14
2006: Saturday, January 14
2005: Friday, January 14
2004: Thursday, January 15